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hard object, metal, rock, stone

semantic space · lipamanka

kiwen are things whose form resists changing. This often talks about a hard physical material or object, like a rock or wood or crystal. It can describe something's material, so a chair made out of a hard material could be kiwen. It is additionally possible to talk about nonphysical things using kiwen, but by using kiwen to describe nonphysical things, their forms are being framed as resisting change. For example, I can describe a recipe as kiwen. With some explaining, this might mean that in order for me to consider it my recipe, it must not change, and if it does change it would no longer be my recipe. There are some other abstract perspectives of kiwen that differ from this, but they're often too abstract and not easily understood. I recommend clarifying what you mean with other words too if you use kiwen abstractly.

ku translations

solid100, rock93, stone84, hard object79, concrete60, metal57, steel56, iron50, firm44, stiff44, silver31, plastic25

pu verbatim

NOUN hard object, metal, rock, stone


core · 99% usage

found in pu

coined pre-pu


Finnish · kiven ‘stone (genitive case)’

coined by jan Sonja


Coined in a poll in 2002.

sitelen pona


pictogram of a rock or a gem

sitelen sitelen

kiwen sitelen sitelen

sitelen jelo


sitelen Emosi





kala Asi

jan Lakuse

luka pona

gif · mp4