Wikipedia Logo


Καινούριο, φρέσκο, επιπλέον

see also


semantic space · lipamanka

sin means "new" or "again." It's almost always clear from context which of those two sin means. I recommend paying attention to sin's usage in the wild to try to figure out if it's ever ambiguous between new and again. The reason why it isn't is because the difference between those two concepts isn't very far. It doesn't matter if you've done it before. In toki pona, something can be new even if it isn't the first time it's happened.

sin can mean a lot of things, and that range of possibility is given by explaining what something is new to. children are new to this world, toki pona learners are new to toki pona communities, a new brand of soda is new to the Free Market Economy which we all Love So Much, etc. These can all be sin!

ku translations

new100, newly92, fresh87, again40, back (i.e. as before or returned)40, unprecedented33, innovative32, modern30, additionally27, another27, recent27, repeat26, innovation25, young23

pu verbatim

ADJECTIVE new, fresh; additional, another, extra


core · 99% usage

found in pu

coined pre-pu


Mandarin · 新 xīn ‘new, fresh’

coined by jan Sonja


In common usage (both before and after pu), "sin" and "namako" are separate words, each with their own meaning. In pu, they are considered synonyms. Those who consider them synonyms typically don't use "namako" at all, preferring "sin" in all circumstances.

sitelen pona


sitelen sitelen

sin sitelen sitelen

sitelen jelo

sitelen Emosi





kala Asi

jan Lakuse