by, from, because of; origin, cause

semantic space · lipamanka

tan is some sort of point of origin. It can be a place or object, like a birthing parent or the source of a river, but it can also be a reason like a thrilling feeling or the fear of being yelled at. this corresponds with tan's use as a preposition, where it MARKS this point of origin, i.e. the word directly after prepositional tan is also some sort of point of origin in the same exact way.

ku translations

from⁵, reason⁵, because of⁴, by⁴, source⁴, behalf of², basis², origin², motive², cause², purpose², per², since², factor², incentive²

pu verbatim

PREPOSITION by, from, because of


core · 99% usage

found in pu

coined pre-pu


Cantonese · 從 tsung ‘from’

by jan Sonja

sitelen pona


a leaping arrow pointing from right to left, implying derivation or cause

sitelen sitelen

tan sitelen sitelen

sitelen Emosi





kala Asi

jan Lakuse

luka pona

gif · mp4