pini

meaning

ago, completed, ended, finished, past

see also

open, kama

semantic space · lipamanka

pini is the moment something comes to a close. this can be as simple as a door shutting or a light turning off, but it can be more abstract, like a department at a college fizzling out. pini has no connotations of irriversability, unlike "pinis" in its language of origin (tok pisin), which can grammatically specify irriversability.

ku translations

end⁵, finish⁵, shut⁵, ending⁴, cease⁴, outcome⁴, conclude⁴, close (v)⁴, closed⁴, quit³, latter³, final³, complete³, stop³, off³, cancel³, conclusion², result², previous², pause², interrupt², lock², over²

pu verbatim

ADJECTIVE ago, completed, ended, finished, past

usage

core · 100% usage

found in pu

coined pre-pu

origin

multiple possibilities · Acadian French: fini ‘finished, completed’; Tok Pisin: pinis ‘(perfective aspect)’(← English finish)

by jan Sonja

commentary

Some proficient speakers use pini as a preverb that means "to stop," that goes along with the complimentary open preverb "start to"

sitelen pona

pini

perhaps a blocking wall

sitelen sitelen

pini sitelen sitelen

sitelen Emosi

🏁

ucsur

U+F1950

audio

kala Asi

jan Lakuse

luka pona

gif · mp4